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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 236-246

A review of transposition techniques for treatment of complete abducens nerve palsy

Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Motahhareh Sadeghi
Farabi Eye Hospital, Qazvin Square, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1336616351
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/joco.joco_42_21

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Purpose: To review various types of extraocular muscle transposition procedures for management of strabismus in sixth cranial nerve palsy with little lateral rectus (LR) muscle function, along with their pros and cons. Methods: We performed a comprehensive review of transposition procedures in sixth cranial nerve palsy, based on literature published anytime up to March 2021. A thorough search through PubMed and Cochrane databases was performed. All types of clinical studies on different transposition procedures in LR palsy, were included. Results: Eighty-six original articles in English, with full text or abstracts available, were included in the review, among which 16 are prospective studies, 48 retrospective, 3 review articles, 1 randomized clinical trial, 17 case reports, and 1 letter. Vertical rectus transposition has demonstrated promising results, especially in abduction improvement and expansion of binocular diplopia-free visual field, albeit the possible adverse effects such as anterior segment ischemia, especially in the presence of medial rectus contracture, and induced vertical deviation may become troublesome. Partial muscle transposition, single muscle transposition, and also transposition without tenotomy have all been introduced to reduce the risk of multiple muscle manipulation and ischemia. On the other hand, different adjustable transpositions are being utilized to manage concomitant or induced vertical deviations. Conclusion: Transposition procedures are highly effective in the treatment of esotropia caused by complete LR palsy. Various techniques for vertical muscle transposition have been proposed, with each of them having certain advantages and disadvantages.

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