• Users Online: 561
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 187-193

Clinical features and outcomes of congenital cataract surgery with primary intraocular lens implantation in a tunisian cohort

1 Department “A”, Hedi Rais Institute of Ophthalmology, Tunis El-Manar University, Tunis, Tunisia
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Fattouma Bourguiba University Hospital, University of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia

Correspondence Address:
Jihene Sayadi
18 Kerkenah Island Street, The Lake 2, 1053 Tunis
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/joco.joco_273_21

Rights and Permissions

Purpose: To describe the clinical features of congenital cataract (CC) in a Tunisian cohort and to assess the surgical outcomes of primary intraocular lens implantation in two groups based on the age at surgery. Methods: This study was a prospective analysis of children under 5 years with CC that were operated between January 2015 and 2020. The surgery consisted of phacoaspiration with posterior capsulorhexis and primary implantation. Group 1 comprised children operated at <2 years of age and Group 2 comprised children operated between 2 and 5 years. Peri and postoperative surgical events as well as refractive and visual outcomes were compared between both the groups. Results: Fifty-five (84 eyes) infants were enrolled. Group 1 included 30 (48 eyes) children and Group 2 included 25 (36 eyes) patients. The mean follow-up was 27.60 ± 19.89 months. The mean delay between the diagnosis and the cataract surgery was 11.97 ± 13.84 months. Of 14 (16.7%) eyes with postoperative visual axis opacification (VAO), 9 (10.7%) eyes required pars plana membranectomy. The VAO was not statistically associated with the age at surgery (P = 0.112), but significantly correlated with sulcus implantation (P = 0.037). The final mean visual acuity was 0.51 logMAR and comparable between both the groups (P = 0.871). Poor visual outcome was significantly associated with low age at presentation (<6 months; P = 0.039), delay between the diagnosis and time of surgery (P = 0.001), preoperative nystagmus (P = 0.02), and poor parental compliance to amblyopia treatment (P = 0.009). Conclusions: Primary implantation seems to be safe and efficient. VAO appears to become an avoidable occurrence owing to better surgical techniques. Amblyopia remains the biggest barrier to final visual outcome.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded85    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal