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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 208-215

Comparison of pterygium recurrence with and without using postsurgical topical cyclosporin a 0.05%: A randomized clinical trial


Eye Research Center, Department of Eye, Amiralmomenin Hospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mitra Akbari
Eye Research Center, Department of Eye, Amiralmomenin Hospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/joco.joco_285_21

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Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of 3-month administration of topical cyclosporin A (CsA) 0.05% on postoperative recurrence after pterygium surgery. Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 78 patients undergoing pterygium surgery (using the rotational conjunctival flap technique with mitomycin C [MMC]) were enrolled and randomly allocated into the control (n = 39) and case (CsA) (n = 39) groups in a single-blind method. The patients were examined on postoperative days 1, 3, and 7 and months 1, 3, and 6, and their best-corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, clinical inflammation, postoperative complications, and recurrence were compared. Results: The mean age of patients was 53.22 ± 9.99 years; most (57.7%) of them were men. The two groups were not different in terms of demographics, pterygium size, or pterygium grade. The clinical inflammation at the first and third postoperative months was not different between the groups (P = 0.108 and 0.780, respectively). No serious complications were detected; complication rates were not different between the groups (P = 0.99). The recurrence rate was 5.1% in the case group and 7.7%% in the control group (P = 0.99). Conclusion: The present study showed no priority for 3-month administration of CsA 0.05% drops on postoperative outcomes, including prevention of pterygium recurrence, complications, and inflammation after the rotational conjunctival autograft technique with MMC.


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