• Users Online: 242
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 305-311

Impact of heads-up display use on ophthalmologist productivity, wellness, and musculoskeletal symptoms: A survey study

1 Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, State University of New York Downstate Health Sciences University, Brooklyn, NY, USA
2 Department of Chemistry, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC, USA
3 Department of Ophthalmology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY, USA
4 Department of Ophthalmology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York; New York Eye Surgery Center, Bronx, NY, USA
5 Triangle Eye Consultants, Raleigh, NC; Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA

Correspondence Address:
Preeya K Gupta
2075 Renaissance Park Pl, Cary, NC
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/joco.joco_115_22

Rights and Permissions

Purpose: To explore how ophthalmologist productivity, wellness, and musculoskeletal (MSK) symptoms are affected by heads-up display (HUD) use. Methods: A digital survey was emailed to the United States ophthalmologists. Questions covered topics including MSK health, surgical output, work hours, wellness hours, and factors related to HUD use. Results: One hundred and forty-four ophthalmologists responded, and 99 completed all eligible questions. HUDs were utilized by 33 respondents, 29 of whom submitted complete surveys. HUD users worked 353 more hours annually (P = 0.01) and performed 673 more cases (P = 0.07) than nonusers. MSK symptom presence (P = 0.79), severity (P = 0.80), and frequency (P = 0.86) were independent of use. Over half (n = 16/29) of users identified symptomatic improvement attributable to the device, mostly in the cervical and lumbar regions. Mean job stress was moderate-severe for both users and nonusers (P = 0.10), and there was no significant difference in wellness hours (P = 0.44). Retina specialists (P = 0.02) and males (P = 0.03) were more likely to have operated with the technology. Nearly half of heads-up surgeons (n = 12/29) had obtained new equipment to target MSK symptoms, versus 1.4% of nonusers (n = 1/70; P = 0.0009). Most of those who operated with HUDs would recommend them to others (69.0%, n = 20/29), but 44.8% (n = 13/29) indicated ergonomic challenges. Primary concerns included awkward viewing angles, setup difficulties, and a lack of access. Conclusions: HUD surgeons reported greater work output versus nonusers without significant compromises in wellness or MSK health. User feedback suggests that the technology may lessen neck and low back pains, but barriers including cost and system inconveniences may impede adoption.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded36    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal